Wellness for a furry new family member begins with the right food and continues with exercise, love and regular veterinary check-ups. A complete approach is important for a pet’s long, happy and healthy life. Puppyhood is the perfect time to build a healthy foundation for many years to come. Balanced, complete nutrition is a perfect start for your puppy on the road to True Wellness.
Nutrition and Well-Being
All puppies need a diet that encourages an active immune system. The immunity puppies receive from the mother’s milk will not last forever. Probiotics are an essential part of the digestive immune system. Puppies need to acquire these “good bacteria” from the environment to maintain a healthy intestinal tract and help fight illness and disease. Diets like Wellness Super5Mix Just for Puppy add Probiotics after the food has cooled, making it ideal for all puppies.
Customize Your Puppy’s Diet
Ideally, optimum diets for all stages of life are essential for a long, happy and healthy existence. This begins with puppy hood and continues well into the senior years of your dog. An ideal diet for puppies depends on many factors, not the least of which is whether the pup is a large breed or a small breed. The nutritional needs are very different for each.
SMALL BREED PUPPIES
- Small breed puppies, such as the Jack Russell Terrier, Yorkshire Terrier, and Miniature Pinscher require more calories per pound than larger breed puppies as they generally are highly active by comparison. Omega 3 fats such as Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are critical in small breed puppies for enhanced brain development, healthy skin and coat. Because small breeds are more active, they can be susceptible to low blood sugar levels. To combat low blood sugar levels, your puppy should be fed small, energy rich portions on a frequent basis. It is also important to have adequate levels of fiber in the diet to help maintain a steady blood sugar level.
Many of the smaller breeds of dogs are very active, energetic pups that require lots more calories per pound than the giant breed puppies. They also require adequate levels of fiber to help regulate absorption of glucose (sugars) from the digestive tract.
The smaller breed puppies are known to be more vulnerable to a condition known as hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Proper levels of fiber in the diet ensure a slow and steady absorption of glucose rather than all at once. The risk may increase if a puppy does not eat frequently during the day.
A smaller kibble size makes it easier for the puppy to eat and encourages easy ingestion of adequate amounts of food with less effort.
However, large or small, proper brain development is essential for all puppies, so adequate amounts of the essential Omega 3 fatty acid Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are needed in the diet. These levels are guaranteed in the Wellness Small Breed Just for Puppy Recipe.
LARGE BREED PUPPIES
- Large breed puppies such as Great Danes, Saint Bernards, and Labrador Retrievers require a far different diet from their small breed relatives. Controlled growth is essential for large breed puppies. These breeds actually need fewer calories per pound than the small breeds. With a potential growth of up to 100 times their birth weight, a large breed puppy’s energy intake must be regulated to ensure consistent, steady growth. If weight gain is too rapid, the result is stress on the developing bones which can lead to one of several severe developmental bone disorders. A slightly lean body condition throughout the first 10 to 12 months of life helps to maintain proper development of your puppy, while reducing the potential for problems. Optimum calcium and phosphorus levels, in the proper ratio to one another, are also critical for proper growth. Supplements that reduce the stress on developing joints such as glucosamine are an ideal diet supplement for these pups. As with the small breeds, the large breeds also need optimum levels of DHA in order to enhance brain development and a healthy skin and coat. Wellness Super5Mix Large Breed Puppy Health was designed for the specific needs of large breed puppies to aid in controlled bone development and a steady, paced growth rate.
Pet parents of large and giant breed puppies must always keep in mind that some of these breeds have a potential growth of 100 times their birth weight. For this reason, their rate of growth must be carefully controlled.
If they grow too rapidly, large and giant breed puppies are prone to developmental bone issues. For the first 10-12 months of life, these special puppies need to be fed a diet that allows for growth but also maintains a slightly lean body condition. This ensures that the developing bones are not forced to carry excess weight, which can cause stress and possibly lead to painful developmental problems.
Optimum levels and proper ratios of minerals such as calcium and phosphorus are also essential to proper development.
Nutrition for these breeds should also contain essential nutrients for proper brain development. It is imperative that large and giant breed puppies receive the proper training necessary for you to maintain control of the very strong adult dog. Without optimum brain development the task of training a larger dog becomes much more difficult. Adequate levels of DHA, an essential Omega 3 fatty acid, have been shown to enhance brain development and assure optimum potential for training. DHA levels are guaranteed in Wellness Large Breed Puppy Health Recipe.